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||CONTACT: GEORGIA ECONOMOU
The Washington Times Prints AHI Letter
WASHINGTON, DC—On November 13, 2004, The Washington Times published
AHI Executive Director Nick Larigakis,’ letter to the editor, on
page A12, responding to Osman Ertug’s article on Cyprus. The text
of the letter appears below, followed by The Washington Times article
to which the letter responds.
November 9, 2004
Letters to the Editor
The Washington Times
3600 New York Ave., NE
Washington, DC 20002-1947
The November 7, 2004 Forum column "Opportunity lost
in Cyprus," by Osman Ertug asserts incorrectly that the Greek
Cypriots are to blame for the current circumstances of the continued
division of Cyprus and the failure of the Annan Plan referendum
(76 percent of Greek Cypriots opposed the Plan). The invasion and
illegal occupation of the northern part of Cyprus (37.3 percent)
by the Turkish army is the cause of the division in Cyprus.
The Annan Plan was viewed as a non-solution because as
President Papadopoulos correctly stated in The Washington Times article "Cyprus:
the way forward," October 26, 2004, the Annan Plan "contained
major uncertainties and included provisions that would have meant
the beginning of new dangers and new problems and would have institutionalized
the division of our country."
The Annan Plan absolved Turkey’s aggression in 1974, and
violated the UN Charter and key UN resolutions, which guarantee the
independence, sovereignty and the territorial integrity of Cyprus.
The proposal had serious flaws including: the undemocratic
veto for the 18 percent Turkish Cypriot minority; it was unworkable;
it subverted property rights; it was not financially viable; it failed
to fully demilitarize Cyprus and actually gave Turkey "intervention" rights;
it did not provide for the return to Turkey of the 119,000 illegal
settlers in the occupied area; the proposed territorial adjustment
was clearly unfair; it failed to hold Turkey accountable for its
aggression against Cyprus; it had a pro-Turkish bias; it failed to
uphold the rule of law; it failed to give compensation from Turkey
to the victims of Turkey’s aggression and actually proposed that
the Greek Cypriots pay for the destruction caused by Turkey and for
the return of their own property.
The economic isolation of the Turkish Cypriots is caused
by Turkey’s 35,000 armed occupation forces and the infamous Turkish
barbed-wire fence- the Green Line.
A settlement to the Cyprus problem needs to be based on
a bi-zonal, bi-communal federation in a sovereign state, incorporating
the norms of constitutional democracy, the EU acquis communautaire,
the UN resolutions on Cyprus, and the decisions of the European Court
of Human Rights. The Greek Cypriots exercised their democratic right
during the referenda and voted "no," and rightly so, to
an undemocratic; unworkable and financially not viable Plan which
rewarded the aggressor Turkey who illegally occupies northern Cyprus,
now in its 30th year.
Forum: Opportunity Lost in Cyprus
A historic opportunity was lost in Cyprus, and no amount
of rhetoric can distort this fact or exonerate the Greek Cypriot
leadership from responsibility.
The Turkish Cypriots accepted the recent United Nations
Plan for a settlement (the Annan Plan) not because they "loved" or
agreed with every aspect, but because they showed the courage and
maturity to take the leap of faith asked of them by the international
community. Furthermore, prior to the referenda, they were literally
promised the world for a "yes" vote - integration with
the international community through the lifting of the isolation,
European Union membership with all its economic, social and political
benefits, etc. Instead we have witnessed the unilateral entry of
the Greek Cypriot side into the EU while the Turkish Cypriots remain
left out in the cold. Today, we can't help ask ourselves the cynical
question: "Does any good deed remain unpunished?"
In his recent article in The Washington Times ("Cyprus:
the way forward," Oct. 26, 2004), Tassos Papadopoulos claims "the
Greek Cypriots did not vote against the solution or the reunification
of Cyprus. They rejected this particular plan." U.N.
Secretary-General Kofi Annan, the plan's architect, disagrees.
In his report of May 28, 2004, he observed "what was rejected
was the solution itself rather than a blueprint." (Security
Council document S/2004/437 dated May 28, 2004, paragraph 83.) Mr.
Annan is not alone in his assessment, as numerous other American,
European and international observers have criticized the intransigence
of Mr. Papadopoulos' administration.
The Greek Cypriot leader's claim that "the plan satisfied
most, if not all, of Turkey's demands and those of the Turkish Cypriot
leadership, but failed to address the legitimate security and other
concerns of Greek Cypriot voters" is remarkably self-righteous.
I suggest he reads the lengthy section in the above-mentioned report
titled "improvements largely inspired by Greek Cypriot concerns." Mr.
Papadopoulos' presentation totally ignores the heavy sacrifices the
Turkish Cypriots would have had to make under the plan: Nearly a
quarter of the Turkish Cypriot territory would have been ceded to
the Greek Cypriot side; a quarter of the Turkish Cypriot population
would have been dislocated (some for the second, third and even fourth
time); tens of thousands of Greek Cypriots would have flooded the
North; and Turkish troops would have withdrawn within a reasonable
time frame to a symbolic level of 650, and even that would be subject
to periodic reviews with a view to complete!
All this in return for a life as equal human beings with
a fair share in a legitimate, bicommunal partnership state, whose
government the Greek Cypriots unconstitutionally usurped in 1963.
But even this was too much for the Greek Cypriots who regard us as
a mere "minority" in a "Greek Cyprus" and as
The "functionality" argument is all too familiar
to us. It was under this slogan that the Greek Cypriot leadership,
which also included Mr. Papadopoulos, willfully destroyed the bicommunal
Cyprus government of 1960 by force of arms to annex the island to
Greece (enosis). This slogan may no longer be used today, but the
Greek Cypriot ambition to dominate the island continues. In fact,
this is the subtext in Mr. Papadopoulos' argument about "a functioning
state structure," in which sheer numbers, not a system of checks-and-balances,
Before calling Mr. Annan an "arbitrator," Mr.
Papadopoulos should remember it was the two leaders (including himself)
who authorized the secretary-general through the agreement reached
in New York on Feb. 13, 2004, to "fill in the gaps" in
his plan, if the two sides failed to agree on it. His ex-post-facto
criticism of the finalized plan, therefore, is contrived and misleading.
Mr. Papadopoulos' overtures to "engage in renewed efforts" is
nothing but a ploy to absolve himself of responsibility for the rejection
of the plan and to divert attention from the issue of lifting the
isolation of the Turkish Cypriots. Experience shows only this will
give the necessary motivation to the Greek Cypriots for genuine reconciliation
on the basis of political equality.
Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
For additional information, please contact Georgia
Economou at (202) 785-8430 or
For general information about the activities of AHI, please see
our Web site at http://www.ahiworld.org.
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